Average length 2 feet, maximum length 3½ feet. It is a small- to medium-sized snake, with adult lengths averaging 2 to 3 feet. The massasauga is native to the lower peninsula of Michigan and several other Great Lakes states. Habitat: This species is a denizen of open, wet areas. Western Massasauga Rattlesnakes are gray or grayish-brown with dark bands or blotches down the back. The timber rattlesnake, canebrake rattlesnake or banded rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus), is a species of venomous pit viper endemic to eastern North America. The eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) is a unique and fascinating part of Michigan's natural heritage. Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake Facts. The western massasauga is a medium sized, <25 in/65 cm, pit viper with light-brown base color and a row of dark brown blotches, that are wider than they are long. In 2009, the Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake Species Survival Plan (SSP) began surveying the wetlands of Michigan looking for rattlesnakes. But, because of the snake’s elusive and shy behavior, people rarely are bitten by them. Massasauga have a distinctive dark brown eye stripe that extends back from each eye to the corners of the mouth. Western Massasaugas typically have a whitish or cream-colored belly with dark lateral blotches. The belly is generally light colored. The head is a thick diamond shape with dark stripes extending back from the eyes. The U.S. The belly is black with scattered light markings. Massasauga rattlesnakes range from central New York and southern Ontario west to the prairies of Iowa and Missouri. The rattle is fairly small and when rattled sounds like an angry bee. The Western Massasauga (pronounced mass-a-saw'-ga) Rattlesnake is one of the smallest rattlesnakes found in Missouri wetlands and marshes. The head has a dark broad stripe along each side. The massasauga Sistrurus catenatus was historically divided into three subspecies, but this long-standing taxonomy has recently been called into question. This one can be seen inside the visitors center at Carlyle Lake. Rattlesnake. Top Christmas Gifts For Your Puppy. Western Massasauga Rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus tergeminus) Also known as the sand rattler, the Western Massasauga Rattlesnake is smaller in comparison to its Eastern relative, with short fangs that measure about 4.5-6 mm in length. The Western Massasauga is categorized as one of several primitive rattlesnakes in the genus Sistrurus. These special sensors enable the snakes to hone in on endothermic prey ("warm-blooded" animals that produce heat, like mice and small birds). Western Massasauga populations in Kansas and Missouri using a larger set of microsatellite loci and more-complete analyses than previously used. Unlike other rattlesnakes, these rattlesnakes have 9 enlarged scales on the top of their head. Scientific Classification; Quick Information Mojave Rattlesnake Crotalus s. scutulatus Prairie rattlesnakes are common throughout the state, including mountain areas below the tree line. Best Booties & Shoes For Your Dog. The Western Massasauga (pronounced mass-a-saw'-ga) Rattlesnake is one of the smallest rattlesnakes found in Missouri wetlands and marshes. Kingdom of Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake: Animalia. There are around 30 different species of rattlesnakes in the world. Urgent Care. The Desert Massasauga, Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii, inhabits xeric grasslands from western Texas to southeastern Arizona and occurs in Range in Ohio Today, this snake occurs in isolated places in glaciated parts of western and northern Ohio. There are only two kinds of poisonous snakes in Wisconsin, the massasauga is one, and the timber rattlesnake is the other. Often called the Black Snapper or Swamp Rattler. Massasauga rattlesnake is a species of venomous snake occurring in the midwestern North America. The belly is mostly black. Found in bog areas, swamps and dry fields. Venom of the Massasauga rattlesnake is highly toxic to man. Fish and Wildlife Service protects the eastern massasauga rattlesnake under the Endangered Species Act. There are three recognized subspecies of this species. General coloration is light gray to dark gray, with rows of dark to light brown blotches down the middle of the back and along both sides. Local Habitat This … The name “Massasauga” comes from the Chippewa language, meaning “Great River Mouth”. The Massasauga Rattlesnake, Sistrurus catenatus, is a diminutive species with a distribution in the United States which largely tracks the retreat of Pleistocene glaciation and the spread of grasslands. The underside is light with some dark markings. You can easily distinguish 25 rows of scales that run mid length on its lightly colored body. They are mainly nocturnal, but are sometimes seen basking in the sun during the day. Females are generally shorter in length than males. Like all rattlesnakes, it is a pit viper. Wet prairie is the preferred habitat in the west, bogs and swamps in the east. First 2 Hours: My Dog Was Bitten by a Rattlesnake. A bite from a massasauga can be very painful and is potentially life threatening. Keeping these things in mind provides us with guidelines to he… Taxa Common Name Scientific Name Habitat Model Report Range Data Habitat Data Species Viewer; Amphibian: Austin Blind Salamander: Eurycea waterlooensis: Download Occasionally, this coloration can be so dark as to appear almost black. As our population continues to grow, and people continue to move into 'pristine' and 'untouched' areas, encounters with venomous snakes are going to occur. The prairie massasauga is a medium-sized, dark rattlesnake with a short, thick body. Because these lands are greatly reduced due primarily to agriculture, it is becoming increasingly more difficult for these … Hiking. Emergency. Many of these encounters occur around the home, with the result that incidents of bites close to home are statistically high.Snakes in general, occur around a home for the specific purposes of seeking food and shelter. They can usually be … How To Teach Your Dog To Wear Booties. Snake Bite. Blotches on the back become bands near the tail, which is tipped by a small rattle. Stocky with a well-developed rattle, the Eastern Massasauga is brownish gray with rounded dark blotches on its body. It got this name by being found near rivers and lakes. Of course the topic of Colorado snakes often leads to questions about the state’s venomous snakes. They have a high pitches rattle sound, giving them the nickname buzztail. The Eastern Massasauga, a special type of rattlesnake that experts working at Carlyle Lake are trying their best to protect. Rattlesnakes can be found in almost every U.S. state. Search the Blog Trending Topics. The eastern massasauga is primarily associated with wetland habitats but some populations also utilize adjacent upland habitats for parts of its life history. The Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake ranges from western New York and southern Ontario to eastern Iowa and Missouri. They can also be spotted in the South-western regions of Ontario, Michigan, Arizona and Northern Tamulipas etc. This is the only rattlesnake species in most of the populous northeastern United States and is second only to its cousins to the west, the prairie rattlesnake, as the most northerly distributed venomous snake in North America. The Western Massasauga has tan-gray or light gray background color with dark brown blotches. There are three, all rattlesnakes, Prairie rattlesnake, Western rattlesnake, and the Massasauga rattlesnake. The bottom of the eye stripe is edged in white. Top Christmas Gifts For Your Kitten. The eastern massasauga is strongly associated with wetlands across most of its range. Some populations contain melanistic individuals which are all black. Because these lands are greatly reduced due primarily to agriculture, it is becoming increasingly more difficult for these snakes to carve out a niche for themselves. Ontario and Michigan, the province and state with the most massasaugas, report an average of 1 to 2 bites a year. Most rattlesnake venom is composed mainly of hemotoxic elements. Massasauga Rattlesnake Sistrurus c. catenatus. See more. So, yes there is danger. The head has four stripes; two on top of the head and one behind each eye. The snake is listed as threatened because of loss of population throughout its range. The massasauga can be characterized as a shy, sluggish snake. tail has approximately 3 to 6 dark brown or black rings and tipped with a small rattle. There are authenticated fatal bites in man. Its thick body is colored with a pattern of dark brown slightly rectangular patches set against a light gray-to-brown background. It is Michigan's only venomous snake, and one of only two rattlesnake species that occur in the Great Lakes region. Like all pitvipers, Massasauga rattlesnakes have heat-sensitive pits located on each side of the head, between the nostril and eye. Massasauga definition, a small rattlesnake, Sistrurus catenatus, ranging from the Great Lakes to the Mexican border. https://tucsonherpsociety.org/amphibians-reptiles/snakes/western-massasauga Small to medium rattlesnake that unlike most rattlesnakes, has 9 enlarged scales on top of the head. It is brownish with saddle- or butterfly-shaped darker brown blotches on the back that alternate with smaller blotches on the sides. Similar Species: Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnakes are similar in appearance, … Compared to some of the more commonly observed and well-known rattlesnakes, the western massasauga is a true dwarf race. This heat-seeking ability is especially useful for finding food during the dark of night. However, the rattlesnake that you find in Alabama is likely to be a different species to the one you would find in California. The survey takes place every year in May at the SSP’s annual meeting at the Edward Lowe Foundation. Western diamond-backed Western massasauga Western pygmy rattlesnake rattlesnake rattlesnake. The Western Massasauga is a medium-sized pit viper with a gray to light-brown dorsal base color, a row of 21–50 dark-brown to black dorsal blotches, and three rows of small brown to black blotches on each side of its body (Ernst 1992). The eyes have vertical, cat-like pupils and the head is shaped like a spade, though it is not as wide as the heads of other rattlesnakes in Iowa. 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