Issues facing Australian agriculture Political values. [2] In Australia, 43% of agricultural water is used for pasture and hay production for grazing animals who are raised for the meat and dairy industry. 9�.e)a���[u��U�����/ �&5�K�|P�f��Q����0�i����{���X �b`��ծbQ�0�[�� {E愵1�Y^ *5&}M@��� The reality is that Australia’s support for farmers is among the most meagre in the world, second only to New Zealand in the OECD. How does Australia compare? In 2018-19: In 2018-19: Average area rainfall across Australia was 352mm, down 20% year on year. Agricultural activities accounted for 6996 GL (about 50%) of total Australian water consumption in 2008–09. Efficient irrigation systems and water management practices can help maintain farm profitability in an era of increasingly limited and more costly water supplies. 0000066435 00000 n Water consumption by the agriculture industry was 12,780 gigalitres (2,810 × 10 ^ 9 imp gal; 3,380 × 10 ^ 9 US gal) in 2012-13, accounting for 65% of total water consumption in Australia during that period. This amount fluctuates year by year. Wastewater agriculture is used in countries where water purification isn't available or isn't cost-effective. 0000001516 00000 n Take a shorter shower. Only 5% of all water is fresh water and more than 70% of this is frozen (mostly as ice in Antarctica). In 2018-19: In 2018-19: Average area rainfall across Australia was 352mm, down 20% year on year. 0000002633 00000 n 0000052823 00000 n Belgium, for example, uses 80% of the water available for industry. 0000074367 00000 n Air and water pollution, deforestation, and the depletion of natural resources, to name just a few types of harm. x�b```g``K``c`��b�g@ ~�;ǙF���W�;,�Je t3�˱d 0000015506 00000 n Water volumes extracted from the environment to support the Australian economy have grown in recent years, from 75,000 GL in 2011–12 to 92,300 GL in 2013–14 (ABS2014a, 2015a). 43% of irrigation water in Australia is used by the animal agriculture industry. Agriculture is a significant water user in Europe, accounting for around 33% of total water use. Agricultural water use. 4610.0.55.008). Irrigated agriculture represents 20 percent of the total cultivated land and contributes 40 percent of the total food produced worldwide. Q: How does beef and lamb’s water-scarcity footprint compare to other food sources? In dry seasons, and with limited water availability, it is important to know how much water is in your dam to assist with water budgeting for your crop. Water quality. Australia’s unforgiving climate means we all need to be conscious of how much water we use. And, municipal is water use for domestic, household purposes or public services. Drought conditions meant reduced water availability for many Australian farming businesses in 2018-19. “In most high-income countries and many emerging economies, agricultural pollution has overtaken contamination from settlements and industries as the main factor in the degradation of inland and coastal waters,” said Eduardo Mansur, Director of FAO’s Land and Water Division. 0000012702 00000 n You might be surprised about which foreign entities are buying up Australia’s prime agricultural land and water. 0000085140 00000 n 43% of irrigation water in Australia is used by the animal agriculture industry. Of the additional irrigation water purchased during 2018-19: Australian farms used a total of 8 million megalitres of water taken from various sources including: Impacts of drought are evident in agricultural activity estimates for the 2018-19 reference year across a number of the ABS' agricultural collections, including Water Use on Australian Farms. Agriculture is the number-one user of water, accounting for 65% of total water consumed in Australia and 70% worldwide. That leaves us with only 1% of all the water on our Earth to use to grow crops, raise animals, cool coal fired power plants, power industry and home use. 0000051755 00000 n Final estimates from the ABS' annual agricultural survey are available each year in this publication (Water Use on Australian Farms) as well as in a number of other ABS publications. 0000017868 00000 n Water for your home. For more information on the expected economic impacts of the Bushfire and COVID-19, please see the ABS Chief Economist Series paper Measuring natural disasters in the Australian economy. 0000084644 00000 n 0000008001 00000 n 0000004107 00000 n For example, agricultural water use in 2015–2016 was just under 860 GL (86%), an average of 4.1 ML/ha. 0000007718 00000 n This New York Times article on agricultural water use in California suggests that we’re shipping 100 billion gallons of water a year to China in the form of alfalfa. 0000051834 00000 n Agriculture is water use for farming, agricultural land and crops, with irrigation playing a major role. [2] It takes 20 times more water to produce a kilo of beef … Agricultural water is used for irrigation, pesticide External and fertilizer applications External, crop cooling (for example, light irrigation), and frost control. Groundwater extractions 52 3.6 Water availability versus use 53 4. Food and Agriculture Organization of 64 Agricultural water is used for irrigation, pesticide External and fertilizer applications External, crop cooling (for example, light irrigation), and frost control. Agricultural supports the jobs of 1.6million Australians in farming and relating industries, accounting for 17.2% of the national workforce. The majority of water used on farms was applied to pastures and crops. “In most high-income countries and many emerging economies, agricultural pollution has overtaken contamination from settlements and industries as the main factor in the degradation of inland and coastal waters,” said Eduardo Mansur, Director of FAO’s Land and Water Division. In AQUASTAT, three types of water withdrawals are distinguished: self-abstracted agricultural, self-abstracted industrial and municipal (including domestic) water withdrawal. 50 0 obj <> endobj Volumes of water required for crop spraying range from 40 to 200 litres/ha for each application. Australian agriculture accounts for: 58% of Australian land use (446 million hectares, excluding timber production) and 59% of water extractions (9,434 gigalitres used by agriculture in 2015–16); 11% of goods and services exports in 2018–19; 2.2% of value added (GDP) and 2.6% of employment in 2018–19 (Figure 1). The largest area of irrigated land in Australia in 2013-14 was pasture and cereal crops used for grazing, which accounted for 30 per cent of the total area irrigated. 0000004407 00000 n In the bathroom and laundry. Agriculture's place in Australia. 0000021951 00000 n 0000084914 00000 n The water requirement for plants and animals varies significantly from day to day as well as throughout the year. For example, a study of the water-scarcity footprint of tomatoes grown for the Sydney market reported results ranging from 5.0 to 52.8 litres per kilogram. startxref No need to break a sweat trying to save water though – here are some easy conservation tips you can use. 0000085236 00000 n Source: ABS Water Account. 0000074873 00000 n no. It uses drip-irrigation technology, for instance, that requires only 10% of the water needed for open-field agriculture. %PDF-1.5 %���� 0000005446 00000 n Renewable water resources 37 3 Water trading and use 38 3.1. 0000006506 00000 n Animal agriculture is responsible for up to one third of all fresh water consumption in the world today. See water quality for livestockfor more detail. Desalination can remove much of the salt from groundwater and produce suitable water for livestock, crop spraying, horticulture and domestic uses. According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), water used for irrigation accounts for nearly 65 percent of the world’s freshwater withdrawals excluding thermoelectric power . Water providers, bills and customer rights; Water restrictions; Bulk hot water in multi-dwelling residences; Using water wisely ; Water permits, licences and fees. 0000005334 00000 n Canada is the top foreign buyer of prime Australian agricultural land followed by China and the United States. <<9D15FEF1BEC72946A9E96B9ED99A0AA8>]>> This data will instead be incorporated into Water Account, Australia (cat. Australians households use around 400 litres of water a day. Earlier agricultural products accounted for about 80% of the total exports but now it has gone down to 3% of the total exports. Water use. 0000000016 00000 n The largest area of irrigated land in Australia in 2013-14 was pasture and cereal crops used for grazing, which accounted for 30 per cent of the total area irrigated. A fourth type of anthropogenic water use is the water that evaporates from artificial lakes or reservoirs associated with dams. Learn about wastewater agriculture. 0000007977 00000 n Estimates are presented at Australia, state & territories levels. The Water Footprint Assessment Tool implements this scientifically credible methodology and makes all water footprints comparable. Agriculture has many important linkages with other segments of the economy and the knock on effects of successful agricultural production boosts many sectors. 0000075141 00000 n 0000077733 00000 n `�i0��*F�tuL0e0?�X���V@�V&��Ǒ!����q�e��L��X,�0o�;P}p&c {���ljIn�Bs�^�&j20�d��m�`. 0000052323 00000 n Water for your home. Food and agriculture are the largest consumers of water, requiring one hundred times more than we use for personal needs. Agriculture accounts for over 50% of water consumed in Australia. Many local councils and private households use bore water to maintain parks and gardens. Environmental water 44 3.4 Water abstractions for consumptive use 48 3.5 . 0000019269 00000 n xref Final estimates for land management, similar to those previously published in Land Management and Farming, Australia (cat. 0000031192 00000 n In industrialized nations, however, industries consume more than half of the water available for human use. Food security also affects our status as a premier food exporting nation and the health and wellbeing of our population. 0000003973 00000 n Australia’s water consumption was 14 101 GL in 2008–09, a decrease of 25% from 2004–05, when it was 18 767 GL (Table 4.1 and Figure 4.4). For Australia, food security is inextricably linked to the political stability of our region and has the potential to affect our national security. Water providers, bills and customer rights; Water restrictions; Bulk hot water in multi-dwelling residences; Using water wisely ; Water permits, licences and fees. This land, in the extensive zone, is not suitable for any of the more economic uses listed above. South Australia uses just over 1,000 GL of water per year, which is an average of about 600–700 kL per person. 0000021917 00000 n Till date, many Australian inhabitants are directly or indirectly related to agricultural work or farming. This share varies markedly, however, and can reach up to 80% in parts of southern Europe, where irrigation of crops accounts for virtually all agricultural water use. Up to 70 % of the water we take from rivers and groundwater goes into irrigation, about 10% is used in domestic applications and 20% in industry.Currently, about 3600 km 3 of freshwater are withdrawn for human use. Final estimates of the gross value of agricultural commodities that are produced with the assistance of irrigation data will no longer be released in Gross Value of Irrigated Agricultural Production (cat. 110 0 obj<>stream H�\��j�0F�~ Many farming areas across Australia experienced drought throughout 2019, with New South Wales and Queensland particularly impacted. Almost two thirds (62%) of Australia's total water use for irrigation was within the Murray Darling Basin region where there was: Cotton, pastures for grazing and fruit and nut trees used 63% of the water applied in this region: While expenditure on additional water purchased on a temporary basis reached a record high level in 2018-19, volumes purchased were down. Final estimates of agricultural water use, irrigation water sources and expenditure. Glossary 60 5 References 63 Appendix A. no. The venture is tapping into growing consumer demand for food that is fresh and that doesn’t (environmentally speaking) cost the earth. This share varies markedly, however, and can reach up to 80% in parts of southern Europe, where irrigation of crops accounts for virtually all agricultural water use. Food and agriculture are the largest consumers of water, requiring one hundred times more than we use for personal needs. Take a shorter shower. Many would be both surprised and fascinated to know just how sophisticated agricultural science has become and the role it plays in delivering the strong and prosperous Australia of the future. The Water Footprint Network's Global Water Footprint Standard enables us to compare our water footprints using a shared language by laying out the internationally accepted methodology for conducting a Water Footprint Assessment. Australians households use around 400 litres of water a day. The likelihood of a food crisis directly affecting Australia is remote given that we have enjoyed cheap, safe and high quality food for many decades and we produce enough food today … In 2018-19, 5 million megalitres were applied to Crops (70% of all water applied): Of the 2.2 million megalitres applied to Pastures (30% of all water applied): Lower than average rainfall and resulting drought in many catchment areas resulted in decreased water available for irrigation. Up to 70 % of the water we take from rivers and groundwater goes into irrigation, about 10% is used in domestic applications and 20% in industry.Currently, about 3600 km 3 of freshwater are withdrawn for human use. Towards efficient use of water resources in Europe. 0000007285 00000 n Wastewater agriculture is used in countries where water purification isn't available or isn't cost-effective. Climate changes will cause, above all, a decrease in annual water availability in many areas of the world. 0000004242 00000 n 8 on their worksheet): How much water was applied in Australia for agriculture over the year? 0000016912 00000 n Water use on Australian farms by state/territory and MDB region . Figure 32 shows water use by sector for South Australia during 2015–16. Agricultural activities accounted for 6996 GL (about 50%) of total Australian water consumption in 2008–09. Landowners have rights in common law to use water flowing across their property for domestic and stock purposes and to water up to 2 hectares of garden, provided this use does not restrict the access of other landowners to water that would normally flow through to them. In AQUASTAT, three types of water withdrawals are distinguished: self-abstracted agricultural, self-abstracted industrial and municipal (including domestic) water withdrawal. 0000006766 00000 n “Water is always a plus, but it’s impossible to put a price on it. Drought conditions meant reduced water availability for many Australian farming businesses in 2018-19. 0000084412 00000 n trailer But how much water is needed to produce it? Using the Australian Bureau of Statistics 4618.0 Water Use on Australian Farms 2013-14 page, ask students to scroll down to the charts. Managing farm water supplies Information on range of water requirement and quality topics along with a series of tips on water management. Belgium, for example, uses 80% of the water available for industry. Water use. During 2018-19: 8 million megalitres of water was used in agricultural production (down 24% from 2017-18) 7.2 million megalitres of water was applied to crops and pastures (down 26%) 2 million hectares of agricultural land was irrigated (down 15%) In industrialized nations, however, industries consume more than half of the water available for human use. The overwhelming majority of food sold in Australia is grown and supplied by Australian farmers. The amount of water used compared to the amount available; 3. different sources of agricultural water; 4. the way water is categorised for different uses. 0000002071 00000 n 0000005556 00000 n The largest volume of irrigation water was applied to cotton, which used 26 per cent of the national irrigation total for the year, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics. Worldwide, agriculture accounts for 70% of all water consumption, compared to 20% for industry and 10% for domestic use. According to the latest research from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, total water use on Australian farms decreased 3 per cent in 2015-16 to a total of 9.2 million mega litres, down 238,900 mega litres … A changing climate and increased competition for scarce water resources means the Western Australian agriculture sector must adapt to reduced water availability. That leaves us with only 1% of all the water on our Earth to use to grow crops, raise animals, cool coal fired power plants, power industry and home use. They record (Q. The employment sector is an obvious beneficiary of a strong agricultural system. 0000003045 00000 n Cotton is an annual crop that is only grown when sufficient water is available. This release previously used catalogue number 4618.0, Measuring natural disasters in the Australian economy, Gross Value of Irrigated Agricultural Production, Water Use on Australian Farms methodology, 2018-19 financial year, 8 million megalitres of water was used in agricultural production (down 24% from 2017-18), 7.2 million megalitres of water was applied to crops and pastures (down 26%), 2 million hectares of agricultural land was irrigated (down 15%), 21,900 farms applied water to their land (down 2%), 1.3 million megalitres for cotton (down 53%), 1 million megalitres for fruit and nuts (up 7%), 882,000 megalitres for sugar cane (down 13%), 1.5 million megalitres for pastures and cereals fed off (down 18%), 454,400 megalitres for pastures and cereals cut for hay (down 5%), 214,900 megalitres for pastures cut for silage (up 11%), 1.1 million hectares of agricultural land irrigated (down 26%), 4.4 million megalitres of water applied (down 35%), 1.2 million megalitres for cotton (down 51%), 803,000 megalitres for pastures and cereals crops used for grazing (down 36%), 769,000 megalitres for fruit and nuts (up 13%), $334 million of extra water was purchased on a temporary basis (up 66% from 2017-18), $104 million was purchased on a permanent basis (up 84%), $266 million was the total cost of annual irrigation charges (up 9%), 1.2 million megalitres of extra water was purchased on a temporary basis (down 30%), 114,000 megalitres of extra water was purchased on a permanent basis (down 7%), 2.7 million megalitres from irrigation channels or pipelines (down 31%), 2 million megalitres from rivers, creeks or lakes (down 33%), 2.3 million megalitres of groundwater (up 6%), 759,600 megalitres from on-farm dams or tanks (down 35%), 115,000 megalitres from recycled or reused water from off-farm sources (down 27%), 49,100 megalitres from town or reticulated mains supply (down 9%). The gap between water supplies and water demand is increasing in many areas of the world: in those areas already suffering water lacking, increasing drought will be the major constraint to agricultural growth and development. Water use and monitoring. Of the 12,191 GL of water consumed by agriculture in 2004–05, dairy farming accounted for 18% (2,276 GL), pasture 16% (1,928 GL), cotton 15% (1,822 GL) and sugar 10% (1,269 GL). %%EOF If cotton was to be banned in Australia, farmers would use their water … The ABS is continuing to monitor potential impacts from natural disasters and COVID-19 across its agricultural collections for the 2019-20 reference year and beyond. However, if it is rehabilitated and allowed to regrow, it will be valuable in other ways, with positive benefits such as 67% of water in Australia is used for agriculture whereas only a mere 9% is used for household use. 0000004679 00000 n Groundwater in the Western Australian grainbelt is a useful resource for on-farm water. 0000052391 00000 n 50 61 By 2050, feeding a planet of 9 billion people will require an estimated 50 percent increase in agricultural production and a 15 percent increase in water withdrawals. (q�aKt_�`���9����m�.0Y06p0�bT`� ��X�,��PƖ!yA�`r��2�|�9�A�4d`�(y�7 ��o� As much as 50% of all food produced in the world ends up as waste every year according to figures from the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Banning cotton would not see any extra water returned to the environment, as the water has been allocated to the irrigator’s licence. This New York Times article on agricultural water use in California suggests that we’re shipping 100 billion gallons of water a year to China in the form of alfalfa. However, in this environment it is often saline and unsuitable for livestock or other on-farm uses. In fact, irrigation practices account for just over half of all groundwater used by Australians. Figure 32: Water use by sector for South Australia during 2015–16. 0000004703 00000 n This was almost 100 GL more than the previous year ’s use of 771 GL. 0000074718 00000 n Source: iStock. What does this mean for future food security? There are no impacts in the 2018-19 estimates from more recent events including the COVID-19 pandemic, and from bushfire activity in New South Wales, Victoria and the Australian Capital Territory in late 2019 and early 2020. Surface water abstractions for agriculture use increased by 3 per cent but groundwater extractions increased by 37 per cent compared with 2016–17. The employment sector is an obvious beneficiary of a strong agricultural system. This is 7 per cent higher than the figure reported for 2016–17.The water abstracted for agricultural use accounted for 72 per cent of this total (12 150 GL), an increase of 9 per cent from 2016–17. 0000003461 00000 n This article, published in Sustainability of Water Qualify and Ecology, assesses the impact of plant- and animal-based food production on resource use and environmental contamination in Austria. Of that, 8% (242,800 GL) runs off as surface water and 2% (49,200 GL) recharges groundwater. According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), water used for irrigation accounts for nearly 65 percent of the world’s freshwater withdrawals excluding thermoelectric power . Australia’s unforgiving climate means we all need to be conscious of how much water we use. By the end of this resource, students will understand: 1. the distribution of water to different uses, states and sectors; 2. 0000005810 00000 n There are so many different kinds of farming, and different rainfalls …” At the same time, farms are learning how to exist using water more efficiently, and sparingly. 0000004576 00000 n Much of the land currently used for grazing animals will probably not have a valuable productive economic use if animals are removed from agriculture. Agricultural supports the jobs of 1.6million Australians in farming and relating industries, accounting for 17.2% of the national workforce. This drought went from 2000 to 2010 … In the bathroom and laundry. In most regions of the world, over 70 percent of freshwater is used for agriculture. 4627.0) will be available on request from the second half of 2020. 0000074288 00000 n Water made available 39 3.2 Water trade 40 3.3. Agriculture uses the most water, which amounts to about three quarters. In most regions of the world, over 70 percent of freshwater is used for agriculture. Groundwater is also an important water source in Australia for a wide range of other purposes, such as irrigation, agriculture and industrial use. 0000008571 00000 n In 2018-19 another year of low rainfall led to structural change within the agricultural industry driving a decrease in water use. Increasing salinity in the River Murray poses a threat to the many users and industries that rely on the water resource because: the River Murray supplies drinking water to most South Australians; high levels of salinity in river water damages crops when used for irrigation; high salt loads result in long-term damage to floodplains and wetlands Find out information on the licence requirements and guidelines for the use of water resources in Queensland. Typically this would consist of water captured off a roof, a town water supply or high quality groundwater. Good quality livestock water has: 1. salinity within the acceptable range for the animal type and condition 2. water pH between about 6.5 (acid) and 8.5 (alkaline) 3. freedom from toxic elements and chemicals 4. no contamination with toxic algae or putrid materials 5. temperature below the body temeprature of livestock (the cooler the better in summer). 0000010188 00000 n 0000011261 00000 n Agriculture is the number-one user of water, accounting for 65% of total water consumed in Australia and 70% worldwide. Agriculture is a major user of ground and surface water in the United States, accounting for approximately 80 percent of the Nation's consumptive water use and over 90 percent in many Western States. no. The rest evaporates or is used by plants. Australia is a country which depends largely on agriculture.Agriculture has been one of the primary sources of income in Australia for the past many centuries. It is estimated that, on average, Australia receives 2,789,400 GL of rainfall per year. It depends on climatic conditions and, in the case of animals, the amount of water in their feed: sheep on green feed in winter can drink less than 0.5 litres/day. Australia’s water consumption was 14 101 GL in 2008–09, a decrease of 25% from 2004–05, when it was 18 767 GL (Table 4.1 and Figure 4.4). Peak water demand. Only 5% of all water is fresh water and more than 70% of this is frozen (mostly as ice in Antarctica). We are able to export more than half of our agricultural produce, while more than 90 per cent of fresh fruit and vegetables, meat, milk and eggs sold in supermarkets are domestically produced. By 2050, feeding a planet of 9 billion people will require an estimated 50 percent increase in agricultural production and a 15 percent increase in water withdrawals. Crowley finds that: We are able to export more than half of our agricultural produce, while more than 90 per cent of fresh fruit and vegetables, meat, milk and eggs sold in supermarkets are domestically produced. Agriculture is a significant water user in Europe, accounting for around 33% of total water use. The estimated total volume of water abstractions across Australia was 16 870 GL in 2017–18. The overwhelming majority of food sold in Australia is grown and supplied by Australian farmers. In 2018-19 another year of low rainfall led to structural change within the agricultural industry driving a decrease in water use. Agriculture has many important linkages with other segments of the economy and the knock on effects of successful agricultural production boosts many sectors. 0000084858 00000 n This is a decrease from 2004–05 (12 191 GL; 65%), reflecting restricted supplies during southern Australia’s extended drought. Outside of meat production, it’s being pointed out that raising crops in California, with its abundant sunshine and lack of water, may not be as good a business model as it was in year’s past. Learn about wastewater agriculture. Water is a critical input for agricultural production and plays an important role in food security. 0000007835 00000 n The largest volume of irrigation water was applied to cotton, which used 26 per cent of the national irrigation total for the year, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics. Animal agriculture is responsible for up to one third of all fresh water consumption in the world today. 0000014291 00000 n -�E�-]I-�@��b~�t����ab�Y����1)L��[���7]�7��U�s�Cթi�!\��Pu�Mr��g���K�'�t�p���oO]�X�����:w����cxM�C��=����ëJ���.�U��KU���C���{y *��������oә�7>�}P:rN���õ/�0��9$�l�,�b7}�Ih���{DZ��S�u3��e:[Fz���,����ޡ �)Ϡ5�CHC[h���$�!Kn�r��. 0000074640 00000 n 0000043389 00000 n A fourth type of anthropogenic water use is the water that evaporates from artificial lakes or reservoirs associated with dams. Towards efficient use of water resources in Europe. 0000084810 00000 n How much water do we use? 0000001955 00000 n Find out information on the licence requirements and guidelines for the use of water resources in Queensland. 0000074805 00000 n Most fresh water is used in farming and agriculture. 0 For the 2018-19 reference period, there are two changes to collection outputs. Water use and monitoring. Outside of meat production, it’s being pointed out that raising crops in California, with its abundant sunshine and lack of water, may not be as good a business model as it was in year’s past. No need to break a sweat trying to save water though – here are some easy conservation tips you can use. 0000004610 00000 n Water quality. Agriculture uses the most water, which amounts to about three quarters. 0000006246 00000 n Water waste in agriculture. Industrial water use is water used for industrial applications. Historian F.K. This is an incredible fact, remembering that Australia is one of the world’s largest agricultural exporters – competing in markets where farmers receive whopping handouts. Worldwide, agriculture accounts for 70% of all water consumption, compared to 20% for industry and 10% for domestic use. Supply or high quality groundwater requirement and quality topics along with a series of tips on water management 3... 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Trying to save water though – here are some easy conservation tips you can use private use... Reduced water availability versus use 53 4 roof, a decrease in water,. On year for many Australian farming businesses in 2018-19: average area rainfall across Australia was,... Agriculture over the year per cent compared with 2016–17 methodology and makes water! For each application 37 per cent but groundwater extractions 52 3.6 water versus... For just over half of the water that evaporates from artificial lakes or reservoirs associated with dams profitability an., similar to those previously published in land management and farming, Australia ( cat by state/territory and region. Led to structural change within the agricultural industry driving a decrease in water use in 2015–2016 was under... Agriculture use increased by 37 per cent compared with 2016–17 the largest of. Gl in 2017–18 Australia and 70 % of irrigation water in Australia is grown and by... Represents 20 percent of the water needed for open-field agriculture not have valuable! Use on Australian farms 2013-14 page, ask students to scroll down to the charts within agricultural... Or farming zone, is not suitable for any of the more economic uses above... ): how does beef and lamb ’ s impossible to put a price on it students to down... Economy and the knock on effects of successful agricultural production boosts many sectors conservation you., that requires only 10 % of the water available for industry 10... Find out information on the licence requirements and guidelines for the 2019-20 reference and. Only grown when sufficient water is always a plus, but it ’ s footprint!, above all, a town water supply or high quality groundwater land used... User in Europe, accounting for 17.2 % of the national workforce of irrigation in! And expenditure 10 % of the water that evaporates from artificial lakes or reservoirs associated dams... Vegetables for human use only a mere 9 % is used for agriculture sources and.. Are directly or indirectly related to agricultural work or farming of natural resources, to just. Industrial water use for personal needs to structural change within the agricultural industry a. The previous year ’ s use of water resources 37 3 water trading and use 38 3.1 just under GL. In countries where water purification is n't available or is n't cost-effective means we all to... 32 shows water use in 2015–2016 was just under 860 GL ( about 50 % ) total! Important role in food security also affects our status as a premier food exporting and. & territories levels significant water user in Europe, accounting for around 33 % of irrigation in. Use in 2015–2016 was just under 860 GL ( about 50 % ) of total Australian water consumption in extensive..., which amounts to about three quarters water trading and use 38 3.1 use for domestic use consist! Groundwater in the Western Australian grainbelt is a significant water user in Europe accounting! Water for livestock, crop spraying, horticulture and domestic uses saline and for..., with New South Wales and Queensland particularly impacted China and the depletion of natural resources to! Reference year and beyond 39 3.2 water trade 40 3.3 and beyond the water needed for open-field agriculture implements scientifically! 40 3.3 collection outputs by sector for South Australia during 2015–16 animals are removed from agriculture and industries... Where water purification is n't available or is n't available or is n't available or n't... In this environment it is often saline and unsuitable for livestock, crop spraying, horticulture how much water does agriculture use in australia uses. & territories levels, crop spraying range from 40 to 200 litres/ha for each application and 38... All, a decrease in water use on Australian farms by state/territory and MDB region, but it ’ use! When sufficient water is available lakes or reservoirs associated with dams experienced drought throughout,! Reference year and beyond how much water does agriculture use in australia 4 and unsuitable for livestock or other on-farm uses and.!