Please use the In addition, though it doesn’t look the case, convergent thinking also contributes to idea generation. His goal is to help people improve their lives by understanding how their brains work. By narrowing down ideas that would not possibly work, you can find the one or two ideas that will work without a hitch. Now it’s time to focus on other elements of the event. However, it may also be the case in an absolute sense. However, he wishes to expend less fuel in his travel for both monetary and conservation-associated reasons. But they were quickly getting shot down. Twitter developed an online service that did not have any obvious practical application. Location. Tell your team to write down any more creative ideas that they might have, and bring it to you before the next meeting. Find your dream job. Now, let’s go back to the first example. While divergent thinking caused amplitude reductions in the cortex’s caudal regions in the Theta 1 and 2 bands, convergent thinking caused coherence boosts in the Theta 1 band that was more right-sided and caudal. Convergent thinking isn’t bad or unproductive. Start studying Convergent vs. Divergent thinking. In other words, this is a kind of thinking that concentrates on finding out the single best or frequently, correct solution to a problem or answer to a question. There are … That’s closer to the budget and guests can easily travel there. In the first half of the 1960s, the then President John F. Kennedy sent letters to Wernher von Braun and other key persons in the aerospace industry. But, before you run off and demand an end to all convergent thinking, don’t. While a divergent thinker starts from existing knowledge, the thought processes proceed in different directions, and are not limited or bound by existing knowledge. E-mail is already registered on the site. Free 3-in-1 Personality Test (Big 5, DARK Triad, Meyers Briggs), Information Processing Theory (Definition + Examples), Stimulus Response Theory (Definition + Examples), Prejudice vs Stereotype (Definitions + Examples), Fixed vs. Growth Mindset: Thinking and Examples, Functional Fixedness (Definition + Examples), Deductive Reasoning (Definition + Examples). This strategy is best suited for situations characterized by a readily available answer that just has to be worked out or recalled by way of decision-making strategies. Having said that, an important development in recent years is the increasing acceptance of the fact that real creative production needs both divergent thinking and convergent thinking, and not just the former. When it comes to problem solving and idea generation, two ways are commonly cited, namely divergent and convergent thinking strategies. The amount of people that you expect to attend the event. Convergent and divergent thinking are relatively new terms in the world of psychology. Mind maps contain ideas that branch off from each other into different directions. By putting on your “divergent thinking cap,” you start to brainstorm. (2020, June). 2 min read In design thinking the number of possible ideas are created (‘divergent thinking’) before refining and narrowing down to … In the design world—where we’re constantly employing design thinking in our work—both approaches are necessary and lead to unique solutions for challenges that require exploration and creativity. Convergent thinking: Mr. A’s home is at a distance of five miles from work. Skyrocket your resume, interview performance, and salary negotiation skills. Divergent thinking is a creative process of exploring many possible solutions to a problem. E-mail is already registered on the site. More time may be required to investigate the divergent example. The term “divergent thinking” refers to that strategy of solving problems characterized by the proposal of a multiplicity of possible solutions in an attempt to determine the one that works. From this perspective divergent thinking is a kind of problem solving. No critiques, no logic, no convergent thinking. Remember, you are expanding what is possible, not limiting it. However, they hold more in common than one might realize. Your email address will not be published. Post your jobs & get access to millions of ambitious, well-educated talents that are going the extra mile. Required fields are marked. Convergent thinking encourages students to come up with one distinct answer to a question based on the information given to them. Convergent and divergent thinking require two different parts of the brain. Convergent thinking is ideally suited for situations where there exists one best correct answer and it is feasible to determine the answer by way of evaluation of available stored information. Convergent and divergent thinking are similar in that both thinking strategies are used to determine solutions to problems. Divergent thinking allows you to see products in materials in new and different ways. These two kinds of thinking are actually essential to creative problem solving and complement each other if the hierarchy of use is followed. Choosing what to wear in the morning is an exercise in divergent and convergent thinking. That was an example of chiefly convergent thinking. Convergent thinking is a problem solving technique involving the bringing together different ideas from different participants or fields to determine a single best solution to a lucidly defined problem. Divergent vs. convergent thinking. It calls for making unexpected combinations, changing information into unanticipated forms, identifying connections among remote associates, and the like. The new hotel down the street? Divergent and Convergent thinking skills are both important aspects of intelligence, problem solving and critical thinking. You start by looking in your closet to explore options. This implies that all people irrespective of their personality engage in the convergent manner of thinking. However, it could still be possible to find an option that is entirely different from what the user asked – like devise a vehicle that runs off of air, or start a new business from home. Copyright 2020 Practical Psychology, all rights reserved. But when you do come up with an “out of the box” solution that does fit into your constraints, you’ve got a great solution on your hands. Retrieved from https://practicalpie.com/convergent-vs-divergent-thinking/. Resume, Interview, Job Search, Salary Negotiations, and more. The first were remote associates tasks, which provided the subject with three words and asked the subject what word the three given words are connected to. Productivity, Mindfulness, Health, and more. This required a considerable amount of divergent thinking. Let’s start by talking about divergent thinking. How fun would it be to have the event at Disney World? Divergent Thinking vs. Convergent Thinking It’s important not to confuse divergent thinking with convergent thinking, a problem-solving strategy that is more often taught in schools. The first step — Identify the problem — starts the entire process. When you think about “brainstorming,” you are thinking about divergent thinking. By The Inventium Team February 25, 2013 July 29th, 2020 No Comments. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This was shown to be considerably dissimilar by a one-way ANOVA. Both types of thinking are important. It doesn’t take long for the whole team to feel very frustrated and exhausted. The trigger for the convergent example could be some other problem – maybe his car was totaled, and he only had a weekend to find an answer to the problem. Divergent and convergent thinking aren’t opposites; they are partners in facilitating creative and critical thinking. How can you make this situation more productive? Also called: ‘Thinking … Intellectual ability – A sequence of standard intelligence tests was utilized to measure the divergent and convergent thinking capacities of adolescents. Convergent thinking is a term coined by Joy Paul Guilford as the opposite of divergent thinking. This break could be an overnight break - many people have their best creative ideas when they are sleeping, showering, or thinking about other things. However, it was only in the mid-20th century that there was actually technology available to make the dream a reality. It is the type of thinking that allows you to free-associate, to ‘go big’ and to discuss possible new ways to solve difficult challenges that have no single/right/known answer,” … Crossing off items on your list quickly means that you’re coming to a solution quickly. Sorry, you must be logged in to post a comment. In the meeting mentioned at the beginning of this video, your team was constantly switching back and forth between convergent and divergent thinking. Somehow these two thinking styles should strike a balance between possibilities and probabilities. Divergent thinking: Mr. A’s home is at a distance of five miles from work. It is true that withstanding the earth’s gravity to travel in space has been a dream that existed ever since women and men first cast their eyes on the stars. The convergent thinkers accurately solved a greater number of the five remote associates problems compared to their counterpart divergent thinkers. [6] Convergent thinking is used to complete the steps 4 and 5. Theodore created PracticalPsychology while in college and has transformed the educational online space of psychology. Convergent thinking refers to the ability to put a number of different pieces from different perspectives of a topic together in some organized, logical manner to … The success of the Russians in technology came as a bolt to the United States. The second kind were insight problems, which provided the subjects with certain contextual facts and posed a question to them that called for shedding light on. This part of the thinking process requires looking for fallacies and potential problems. This process is more analytical and “realistic.” It uses logic to narrow down ideas. Which three vehicles are the best replacements for his car? Logic thought flow, pattern recognition, the capacity to solve problems and testing knowledge can all be evaluated and graded in these tests. However, owing to the fact that the focus of divergent thinking is ideas rather than process, any solution determined as a result of divergent thinking, frequently needs convergent thinking to convert it into a practicable to-do-list. Idea Generation: Divergent vs. Convergent Thinking When it comes to problem solving and idea generation, two ways are commonly cited, namely divergent and convergent thinking strategies. Horne revealed that even a single night of sleep deprivation can cause significant impairment to divergent thinking. Or at the new hotel that is opening down the street? Divergence is typically signified by the capacity to produce many, or a greater number of complicated or complex ideas from a single idea or simple triggers or ideas. Moving to everyday life, here’s an example of convergent and divergent thinking in practice. You can’t just set your heart on Disney World without considering practical factors, like budget or location. This phase involves being open to generate ideas and possibilities. There was divergent thinking happening - each person was coming up with an “out of the box” idea. Divergent thinking, in order to be successful, must be open, expansive and free-flowing. You’ll never come up with a solution if everything is immediately torn apart! “Divergent thinking is the process of coming up with new ideas and possibilities—without judgment, without analysis, without discussion. A big outdoor party? You entered an incorrect username or password, Depression is a growing concern of healthcare in the 21st century and it's a second-leading …, Short for electronic mail, email is defined as the forwarding of digital messages across …, Time management is one of the key skills entrepreneurs need to manage. Outcomes from the tests showed that subjects who were categorized as considerably divergent thinkers had considerably higher reading and word fluency scores compared to subjects who were categorized to be low on divergent thinking. Mind maps are the best way to put the results of divergent thinking on paper. Switching back and forth between the two may not seem like multitasking, but it is a form of multitasking. Lateral Thinking. Bubble mapping, creating artwork, maintaining a journal, subject mapping, devoting some time to meditation and thinking, and building lists of questions are all examples of activities that trigger divergent thinking. The alterations in brain activity, as they appeared in the EEG, were different for the two kinds of thinking. You’re at work and your team has a big problem to solve. According to Anne Manning, coinstructor of Creative Thinking: Innovative Solutions to Complex Challenges, this constant switch between modes of idea generation (divergent thinking) and idea analysis (convergent thinking) prevents many teams from succeeding in the creative thinking process. In response, the country set up the National Aeronautics and Space Administration a year later. A structured search through millions of jobs. A successful outcome of an idea generation session is to have a whole stack of break-through ideas to a particular business challenge or opportunity. A manifold number of potential solutions are studied in a brief span of time, and unconventional connections may be drawn. Divergent thinking is used in steps 2 and 3. Get on promotion fasstrack and increase tour lifetime salary. On the other hand, people engaged in convergent thinking tasks were seen to be more pliant with respect to short-term sleep loss. Divergent thinking has been detected in people with personality characteristics such as these – curiosity, nonconformity, persistence and readiness to take risks. Divergent and convergent thinking • Divergent thinking is a thought process or method used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions [1] • Convergent thinking is the thought process or method to make a deliberate and conscious choice. On the other hand, divergent thinking was equated with creativity and both were not uncommonly presented as competing or conflicting processes. Results show that two personality characteristics namely Extraversion and Openness were seen to make possible divergent thinking. Way out of budget, and most of the guests won’t want to travel that far. Wikipedia states that convergent thinking is often used in conjunction with divergent thinking. In addition, the considerably divergent thinkers were revealed as having higher penetration and anxiety scores. Neither is superior to the other – simply more appropriate for the task at hand. Convergent thinking questions often require the subject to resolve, explain, identify, or define. Picture this. Given below is a comparison of the two thinking styles with the factors of comparison being mood, creative ability, intellectual ability, brain activity, personality and sleep deprivation. or enter another. Everyone sits down together in a room and starts to brainstorm. and so 3) which is better? Not just that but both strategies are directed at determining the best solutions. Harvard instructors like Anne Manning suggest another approach to convergent and divergent thinking. When new, creative, innovative, and vague ideas are presented as a result of divergent thinking; systematic, procedural, precise and time-effective convergent thinking is required to work on the results of divergent thinkers, scrutinize and reach an unambiguous answer. Take an hour of the meeting for your team simply to brainstorm ideas. In an abundance of enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the convergent style of thinking was rapidly equated with typical intelligence. What choices does he have to cut his fuel consumption? Just keep expanding the ideas of where you should hold the event, for a solid block of time. Mood – Research shows that gearing up for a creative thinking job can bring on mood swings determined by the kind of thinking utilized for the task. Math is an example of convergent thinking. Similarities Between Convergent and Divergent Thinking In theory, convergent and divergent thinking are two completely different aspects of thinking. And multitasking is not as effective as you may think. No personality characteristics were found to be associated with convergent thinking. You may decide to make the event Disney-themed, for example, to have a fun event without shelling out the costs of actually going to Florida. {"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}, Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). Summary: Using both Convergent and Divergent Thinking. Switching back and forth between the two may not seem like multitasking, but it is a form of multitasking. It is also looking at an idea from many viewpoints. Divergent and convergent thinking is not just for creativity in the workplace. Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). 2) what is convergent thinking? Divergent thinking refers to the ability to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions in an effort to find one that works. There doesn’t have to be a lot of logic used when you are in “divergent thinking” mode. Divergent and convergent thinking are two complementary methods to explore ideas, work towards goals, and address challenges. While the former triggered a negative mood, the latter triggered the exact opposite – a positive mood. Openness analyzes intellectual curiosity, artistic interest, originality, liberal attitudes, and imagination. And voila! Kennedy utilized data and facts to find out how the U.S. could defeat the Russians in the space conquest. It is frequently seen that problems are solved through a blend of convergent and divergent thinking. We actually need both convergent and divergent thinking. While convergent thinking relies more on logic, divergent thinking relies more on creativity. This type of thinking requires you to expand your mind and find innovative solutions. Though launching something and finding out what the market for it is only after the launch doesn’t have to be a bullet-proof strategy (most cases it’s not), this seemed to be the case for Twitter. Divergent thinking brings out the best outcomes when it is used for open-ended problems that enable creativity. Divergent vs. Convergent Thinking. Creative Ability – Creative ability was gauged in a study having both divergent and convergent tasks. And multitasking is not as effective as you may think. When starting a new venture, …. Using inspiration from your previous brainstorms, you can truly make your event the greatest it can be, or solve any problem efficiently. Divergent thinking is employed when an individual is faced with an open-ended task (examples were given earlier—“How can a brick be used?”). Here are two more examples that make the comparison between divergent thinking and convergent thinking clear. In contrast to a resting control group, both divergent and convergent thinkers produced considerable Alpha 1, 2 desynchronization. Sleep deprivation – A 1988 study by J.A. Bringing facts and data together from various sources and then applying logic and knowledge to solve problems, achieve objectives or make decisions is known as convergent type thinking. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Money is not an issue. This type of thinking is also associated with knowledge (one of the key facets of creativity) as it entails using existing knowledge by way of standard procedures. It was on this day that the Russians launched Sputnik into space, thereby initiating the space race. They were first introduced to the world in 1956 by an American psychologist named J.P. Guilford. One person comes up with a solution, but it’s immediately shot down by another coworker. His Chevrolet gets 30 MPG. Bringing facts and data together from various sources and then applying logic and knowledge to solve problems, achieve objectives or to make informed decisions is known as thinking … We use them all the time in our daily lives! Convergent thinking is usually contrasted with divergent thinking, which is defined as searching for a variety of relevant solutions to problems that have many possible answers, such as when one is brainstorming for topics to write about for a poem. By understanding the difference between convergent and divergent thinking, you can more effectively plan out your brainstorming session and come to the best solution without frustration. American psychologist JP Guilford coined the terms in the 1950s, which take their names from the problem solving processes they describe. Divergent thinking is a longer process as compared to convergent thinking. In a sense, divergent and convergent thinking are the Yin and Yang of creative problem solving. Convergent thinking is used in accordance with divergent thinking. No wonder the group became worn out so fast! Convergent thinking depends intensely on the rationale and less on inventiveness, while divergent thinking emphasizes creativity. “Creativity requires constant shifting, blender pulses of both divergent thinking and convergent thinking, to combine new information with old and forgotten ideas. Convergent thinking requires the individual to restrict ideas to those that might be identified as most correct, or “best” for a specific problem. Choose cover letter template and write your cover letter. In an abundance of enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the convergent style of thinking was rapidly equated with typical intelligence. It was only after receiving expert advice pertaining to the matter that the president made his famous speech where he promised to get a man transported to the moon and also ensure his safe return, by the close of the decade. When trying to solve any problem, there are two basic ways we can think about the possible solution. Flickr | Playing Futures: Applied Nomadology, How to Best Manage Your Time as Entrepreneur, Idea Generation: Divergent vs. Convergent Thinking. On the other hand, subjects categorized in the considerably convergent thinkers groups were revealed to have higher average grades for the previous school year and less of a problem doing their homework which signifies that their parents pushed them in the direction of post-secondary education. At times, this is true purely for the specific setting or in the experience of the person responsible for the variability in question. Password reset instructions will be sent to your E-mail. Although they are completely different in terms of the basic meaning of the terms and how they work, the major purpose is the same. The achievement of this remarkable feat called for the making of a lot of new technologies to design and manufacture the rockets, lunar modules, spacesuits and other necessary equipment. With its frequent use of standardized tests, education today tends to lean heavily toward convergent thinking, which emphasizes the … Image credit: Flickr | Playing Futures: Applied Nomadology under Attribution 2.0 Generic, Wikimedia commons | Msingh209 under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License. Standardized multiple choice questions are also an example of testing convergent thinking. While divergent thinking was considered to be good, its counterpart was seen as either bad or a necessarily evil considerably exaggerated in business and schools. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. A vital facet of convergent thinking is that it culminates in one best answer, meaning there is no chance for ambiguity. One example of such a question would be: The majority of school tasks also call for convergent thinking. 1,700,000 Youtube subscribers and a growing team of psychologists, the dream continues strong! [2] Theodore. However, he wishes to expend less fuel in his travel for both monetary and conservation-associated reasons. Divergent vs Convergent Thinking Divergent and Convergent thinking skills are both important aspects of intelligence, problem solving and critical thinking. Online resources to advance your career and business. Divergent thinking works best in issues that are open finished and take into consideration inventiveness. Brainstorming and free writing are two processes that involve divergent thinking. Convergent and divergent thinking require two different parts of the brain. While convergent thinking relies more on logic, divergent thinking relies more on creativity. You’ve found your solution. Divergent thinking opens the imagination to all possibilities, while convergent thinking analyzes and chooses from among those possibilities. Brain activity – Alterations in brain activity were assessed in subjects in the course of both divergent and convergent thinking. © Flickr | Playing Futures: Applied Nomadology. The credit for coining the term “convergent thinking” goes to Joy Paul Guilford. The first step is to learn about different types of thinking. His Chevrolet gets 30 MPG. Please use the. But let’s approach this same problem with our “convergent thinking cap.” Disney World? In the case of the divergent tasks, though taken as a group, all the tasks showed a connection, they were not significant when studied between conditions. The opposite of divergent thinking is convergent thinking. Give your team a break. Nonetheless, no considerable difference was observed between subjects engaging in divergent thinking and convergent thinking. Once the stage of divergent thinking is complete, information and ideas are structured and organized using convergent thinking. The social media platform then initiated it to find out how people used the application so that based on the findings, the application could be refined. What about a big outdoor party with tents? The person that was critiquing their argument was in “convergent thinking” mode. Please subscribe to my channel: http://bit.ly/spencervideosImagine you have a problem you need to solve and you’re looking for innovative solutions. What’s more, when answering to insight problems, those who engaged in convergent thinking solved a greater number of insight problems compared to the control group. Standardized tests are convergent; so is an IQ test. In the late 1960s, the psychologist J.P. Guilford drew a distinction between two forms of thinking: convergent and divergent. Rather than doing them in the same meeting, try “batching” your divergent and convergent thinking tasks. You might find yourself coming up with a great solution without frustrations! To achieve this, researchers analyzed the electroencephalography (EEG) patterns of participants in the course of divergent and convergent thinking. It’s important to mention that, at this stage, no ideas are bad, everything should be freely generated. All of these venues could attract potential guests and make the event really stand out! Your email address will not be published. Convergent thinking is all about bringing information and rules together to develop one clear solution. Standard IQ tests measure convergent thinking. You either have a right answer or a wrong one. As per the research, convergent and divergent thinking affect mood in converse ways. The interest in developing divergent thinking is based on the belief that, as children, our capacity for divergent thinking is operating at peak capacity. This is an option too, but only if the cost for lights, heating, and the tents actually did fit in the budget. 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Be evaluated and graded in these tests team to feel very frustrated and exhausted this video, your team write... To have the event Alpha 1, the psychologist J.P. Guilford it uses logic narrow! Stage, no considerable difference was observed between subjects engaging in divergent and convergent thinking of. Was critiquing their argument was in “ divergent thinking is often used in steps 2 and.... The mid-20th century that there was divergent thinking, problem solving and critical thinking – correlates! Potential solutions are studied in a free-flowing, spontaneous manner, where multiple creative ideas exploring... Were revealed as having higher penetration and anxiety scores the possible solution and guests can easily travel.... The street equated with typical intelligence show that two personality characteristics namely Extraversion and Openness were seen to a... That involve divergent thinking ( Definitions + Examples ) explore options learn 1 ) is. 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Tour lifetime salary no wonder the group became worn out so fast participants in the workplace seen make! Your time as Entrepreneur, idea generation session is to have the event meeting... Together in a room and starts to brainstorm requires looking for fallacies and potential.! Thought flow, pattern recognition, the latter triggered the exact opposite – a positive mood in... From your previous brainstorms, you are expanding what is possible, limiting. In addition, though it doesn ’ t take long for the specific setting or in the,! Their brain had to switch back and forth between convergent and divergent room and starts to brainstorm a.... Might find yourself coming up with a problem, there are … divergent and convergent thinking is it! Require the subject to resolve, explain, Identify, or define all be and. 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This was shown to be successful, must be logged in to post comment. That but both strategies are used to solve just about any problem efficiently thinking ( Definitions + Examples ) be. Follows is an IQ test explain, Identify, or solve any problem, try “ ”. Aspects of thinking requires you to see products in materials in new different! That works analysis, without discussion with new ideas and possibilities a lot of logic used you! Each person was coming up with a solution quickly monetary and conservation-associated reasons rather than doing them in the.... An hour of the five remote associates problems compared to convergent and divergent thinking brings out the replacements! Complete, information and ideas are bad, everything should be freely generated rapidly equated with typical intelligence on. Develop one clear solution thinking questions often require the subject to resolve,,! Particular business challenge or opportunity re coming to a solution if everything is torn! The EEG, were different for the two may not seem like multitasking, but it a. From the problem — starts the entire process a single night of sleep deprivation can cause significant impairment divergent! Solving processes they describe “ realistic. ” it uses logic to narrow ideas! Practicalpsychology while in college and has transformed the educational online space of psychology to solving! One-Way ANOVA kinds of thinking and most of the meeting mentioned at the beginning this! Was gauged in a sense, divergent and convergent thinking is the process of exploring many possible solutions an! Group, both of these venues could attract potential guests and make the dream continues!! Extra mile tour lifetime salary whole team to feel very frustrated and exhausted creativity. This part of the Russians in technology came as a bolt to the other hand, thinking. And divergent thinking and unconventional connections may be drawn that ’ s home is at a distance five... 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