15: Chaudhry, M.S., Z. Batool and A.G. Khan, 2005. The plants reported in this manuscript were collected in different seasons from the different wild and barren areas of Cholistan desert. Home | About SCIRP | Sitemap | Contact Us. Figure 3. 1511-1522. 2006-2013 Scientific Research Publishing Inc. All rights reserved. Saeed Ahmad, Hafiz Muhammad Wariss, Khurshid Alam, Shazia Anjum, Muhammad Mukhtar. The rest of thirteen families are represented with one species. 61-71. The local plants identification and introduction of an area is very important to introduce the specific species of the local area and their occurrence, growing season, finding new species and the effect of climatic conditions like drought and over-grazing on vegetation [10,15]. 1-127. Leaves of 17 plants are used to prepare different medicines. The University is also working on establishing a seed bank and conservation of desert plants in experimental area. 210-217. 1, 2006, pp. 4, 2012, pp. The vegetation of this desert consists of xerophytes, adjusted to low moisture, extremely hot temperature, and … While the roots of 17 plants and fruits of 16 plants are commonly used for the treatment of various diseases. Native trees, shrubs, and grasses are drought tolerant. NARC, with a total land area of approximately 1400 acres, is located near Rawal Lake, six kilometers south-east of Islamabad. It will be helpful and serve for the conservation and sustainable utilization of plant resources of the area. 1, 2005, pp. The plants were identified with help of "Flora of Pakistan" and other available literature. The life form of all plants determined and plants classified followed after Raunkiaer  and MuellerDombois, & Ellenberg . H. M. Wariss, “A Contribution to the Flora of Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur,” M.Sc. Information regarding 35 plant species was collected. 1110-1113. This effort is being made to provide basic guidance to conserve the precious wealth of medicinal plant resources of Cholistan desert. College Bosan Road Multan, Multan, 2006. During field visits, 5 plants of each species have been collected, dried and mounted on standard herbarium sheets. Table 2. M. S. Baig, M. Akram and M. A. Hassan, “Possibilities for Range Development in Cholistan Desert as Reflected by Its Physiography and Soils,” The Pakistan Journal of Forestry, Vol. Plant collection and extraction. 40, No. 267-274. I. Ali, M. S. Chaudhary and U. Farooq, “Camel Rearing in Cholistan Desert of Pakistan,” Pakistan Veterinary Journal, Vol. The detailed field studies have been made to collect plant specimens at regular intervals during 2009-2011 in each season. Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant species of Cholistan desert. 79-81. The families with 4 species are Boraginaceae, Convolvulaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Mimosaceae. XLV, No. 5, No. desert with stunted and grazed shrubs, and a few trees. 967-971. 10, 2002, pp. 979-992. Ecological studies on the vegetation of cholistan desert as influenced by climate and grazing. rhizosphere of plant growing in the Cholistan desert of Pakistan. In the present study, crude methanolic extracts containing secondary metabolites of some xerophytic plants from the Cholistan desert of Pakistan were analyzed for quantification of primary and secondary metabolites. R. Qureshi and G. R. Bhatti, “Diversity of Micro-Habitats and Their Plant Resources in Nara Desert, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. Aerial parts (ethanolic extract) of Halo … Hepatoprotective studies on Haloxylon Salicornicum: a plant from Cholistan desert M. M. Balos and H. Akan, “Flora of the Region between Zeytinbahçe and Akarçay (Birecik, fianliurfa, Turkey)” Turkish Journal of Botany, Vol. 29, No. Brassicaceae, Cyperaceae, Molluginaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Polygonaceae and Rhamnaceae have 3 species each. 37-48. The plant specimen was identified by research officer/ taxonomist, Mr. Hafiz Muhammad Waris from Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies (CIDS), The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. A. Jabeen, M. A. Khan, M. Ahmad, M. Zafar and F. Ahmad, “Indigenous Uses of Economically Important Flora of Margallah Hills National Park, Islamabad, Pakistan,” African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 20-25. H. Fazal, N. Ahmad, A. Rashid and S. Farooq, “A Checklist of Phanerogamic Flora of Haripur Hazara, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. Life form distribution of plant species of Cholisitan desert. H. Youcef, B. M. Lamine, B. Hocine, M. Rabah, L. Ali and M. B. Belhamra, “Diversity of Halophyte Desert Vegetation of the Different Saline Habitats in the Valley of Oued Righ, Low Sahara Basin, Algeria,” Research Journal of Environment and Earth Sciences, Vol. Floristic studies of the any given area help us to evaluate the plant wealth and its potential value. Cholistan desert hosts an annual Jeep rally, known as Cholistan Desert Jeep Rally which is the biggest motor sports event in Pakistan.. 8, No. There are several medicinal plants of the Cholistan desert which have scientifically been reported to modulate delayed type hypersensitivity response, humoral immunity, polymorphonuclear cell chemotaxis, macrophage activation, tumor necrotic factor α induction, total lymphocytes, T-helper and T-suppressor cells, and natural killer cells activity (Wagner et al., 1999). Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant species of Cholistan desert. 40, No. S. A. Chaudhary, “Flora of Lyallpur and Adjacent Canal Colony District,” West Pakistan Agriculture University, Lyallpur, 1969. The wind resorted sandy desert covers about 18,130 km2 in the southern region known as Greater Cholistan [8-10]. Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. The habits of the plant species found as, 75 species (49%) were herbs, 34 species (22%) were grasses, 21 species (14%) were shrubs, 10 species (6%) were trees, and 9 species (6%) were subshrubs, 2 species (1%) were sedges and 3 species (2%) were climbers ( Figure 3 ). The soils of Cholistan are generally saline, alkaline, gypsiferous and often duned. 18, No. In stark contrast to its arid desert landscape, the desert is home Dodhla Forest, one of Pakistan’s most well-protected rainforest. Thesis, Govt. Main and A. H. Gill, “Diversity of Plant Species in Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur, Pakistan,” Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. Aristida, Boerhavia. M. M. Bhandhari, “Flora of Indian Desert,” Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, 1978. The habits of the plant species found as, 75 species (49%) were herbs, 34 species (22%) were grasses, 21 species (14%) were shrubs, 10 species (6%) were trees, and 9 species (6%) were subshrubs, 2 species (1%) were sedges and 3 species (2%) were climbers (Figure 3). 5, 2008, pp. Aizoaceae, Capparidaceae, and Chenopodiaceae are represented with 6 species each. 40, No. Pak. The famous Marrecha breed of camel and Cholistani cattle are the backbone of the desert economy and livelihood1. Grant of Rs10 lac for Taunsa Press Club was also approved in the meeting besides approving the issuance of necessary funds for holding 16th Cholistan Desert Rally 2021 and Thal Desert … 5, 2009, pp. Thal Desert Subtropical deserts usually feature wild, bushy vegetation Cholistan desert also known as rohi desert is one of the majestic beauties of Pakistan. M. Arshad and A. R. Rao, “Flora of Cholistan Desert (Systematic List of Trees, Shrubs and Herbs),” Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany, Vol. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10722-005-8563-5, http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2002.1110.1113, http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jbs.2002.267.274. The collected specimens were identified with the help of various floras, illustrations & monographs [35- 45]. In Cholistan desert whole plants of 35 species are used for curing different ailments. These genera were represented with 2 species in each Abutilon, Acacia, Amaranthus, Capparis, Chenopodium, Corchorus, Cyperus, Farsetia, Haloxylon, Mollugo, Panicum, Portulaca, Prosopis, Rhynchosia, Saccharum, Tamarix, Tragus, and Trianthema (Table 2). Preliminary assessment of plant community structure and arbuscular mycorrhizas in rangeland habitats of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. The local name, life cycle and habit wise distribution of the plants were also described. There are no permanent natural surface water reservoirs. ", "Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan". The Cholistan desert covering an area of 26,000 km2, lies within South of Bahawalpur in the Punjab extending through the Nara and Thar deserts of Sindh between 27˚42ʹN and 29˚45ʹN latitude and 69˚52ʹE and 75˚24ʹE longitude (Figure 1)  at an altitude of about 112 m above sea level . Related works from adjoining areas include Baig et al., , Arshad & Rao  Hameed et al. The vegetation of this desert consists of xerophytes, adjusted to low moisture, extremely hot temperature, and more salinity with wide variation of edaphic factors. Cholistan word is originated from the Turkish word Chol, which means the land of desert.Cholistan desert locally known as Rohi desert that surrounds near about 30 km from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covering an area of 26,000 km 2 which is full of resources of medicinal plants. Cholistan Desert is locally known as "Rohi 'and covers the area of Bahawalpur, Punjab.It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and into India. Ethnobotanical Studies of Plant Resources of Cholistan Desert; Pakistan. 53, No. The vegetation of Cholistan desert comprises of xerophytic species adapted to wide range of severe temperature, moisture and edaphic conditions. 2, No. The relative humidity is very low with high rate of evaporation . 3, 2008, pp. National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC), Islamabad established in 1984, is the largest research centre of the Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC). Copyright © 2013 Hafiz Muhammad Wariss et al. 12, 1954, pp. Among families, 33 families belong to Dicotyledons of 79 genera and 115 species, while the 38 species of 26 genera belong to 4 families of Monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms with 1 genus and 1 species. To check the desiccation tolerance, strain was incubated at various levels of relative humidity (5, 27 and 100%) for a period of 6, 12 and 18 days. 39, No. Keeping into consideration, present study was planned with the objectives to investigate and document the floristic record of the study area. The following genera were containing more than one number of species in the study area. Rain water is collected in “Tobas” man-made ponds or natural depression. Arshad, M. (Islamia Univ., Bahawalpur (Pakistan). of Desert Studies). The study was conducted to accumulate information about the plant resources used by various communities of Cholistan desert.  Arshad et al.,  and Wariss . 993- 997. S. A. Chaudhry, “The Cholistan Desert. M. Arshad, M. Y. Ashraf, M. Ahmad and F. Zaman, “Mor- pho-Genetic Variability Potential of Cenchrus ciliaris L., from Cholistan Desert, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. 2, 1980, pp. S. I. Ali, “Significance of Flora with Special Reference to Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. Deserts are very much alive, and they host a wide range of fascinating plants … The largest family of the area is Poaceae with 34 species. In Cholistan desert, two sources of water, one is rainfall and other is sub-soil water. 10, 2009, pp. 1481-1488. S. Ahmad, “Grasses and Sedges of Lahore District,” Department of Botany University of Punjab, Punjab, Publication No. 8, 2006, pp. It will be helpful and serve for the conservation and sustainable utilization of plant resources of the study area. 6, 2012, pp. C. Raunkiaer, “The Life Forms of Plants and Statistical Plant Geography,” Oxford, 1934. 17, No. A study on the ethno-veterinary usage of wild medicinal plants of Greater Cholistan desert of Pakistan was conducted from January, 2007 to December, 2008. A. Chaudhary, M. A. Direct Link | J. Geography, 1-2: 83-100. CHOLISTAN: The wildlife population in Cholistan desert, particularly that of migratory birds, is fast declining due to illegal hunting, says a former Wildlife Department whohas served in the region. R. Akhter and M. Arshad, “Arid Rangelands in the Cholistan Desert (Pakistan),” Sécheresse, Vol. Mycorrhiza, 15: 606-611. Among the existing families, 33 families are dicotyledons, 4 families of monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms (Table 1). The climate of the Cholistan desert is sub-tropical, arid and semi-arid, scorching harsh, with monsoon rainfall influenced by periodic long droughts. 3, 1994, pp. 7, No. 312-317. Most common of them are below; 2163-2168. 85-92. The rainwater is harvested in the low-lying Cholistan desert was created during Pleistocene and recent periods by thick mantle deposition of sands [3,4]. Received October 25th, 2013; revised November 26th, 2013; accepted December 12th, 2013, Keywords: Floristic Composition; Life Form; Habit; Cholistan Desert; Pakistan. 5, No. 599- 603. 1923-1931. Migratory birds feed on desert insects and plants but due to overgrazing, drought, over exploitation of vegetation for fuel, timber and medicinal purposes, Cholistan desert is losing its biodiversity. The second source of water is underground water at the depth of 30 to 90 m. It is brackish and not fit for drinking and agriculture because it contains total dissolved salts about 9000 - 27,000 ppm mg/L . Ordination (DECORANA) and classificatory techniques (association analysis and TWINSPAN) were used to examine these data. Yasin G, Anwer I, Majeed I, Sabir M, Mumtaz S, Mehmood A. Pharmacodynamics of Secondary Metabolites Extracts of Some Plants from Cholistan Desert in Altering in Vitro Human Haematological Indices . 308-315. S. K. Marwat, M. A. Khan, M. Ahmad, M. Zafar, F. Ahmad and A. Nazir, “Taxonomic Studies of Nodulated Leguminous Weeds from the Flora of North Western part (Dera Ismail Khan) of Pakistan,” African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 2, 2009, pp. M. B. Abdullahi, S. S. Sanusi, S. D. Abdul and F. B. J. Sawa, “An Assessment of the Herbaceous Species Vegetation of Yankari Game Reserve, Bauchi, Nigeria,” American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, Vol. 4, 2011, pp. 6, No. X. Qin, R. Zhang and F. Xing, “A Study on the Flora and Vegetation of Cat Dua Island, Norteastern Vietnam,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. 3, 2008, pp. Statistically, data were analyzed by using one way ANOVA (Analysis Of Variance) separately for trees, herbs, and shrubs. 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