He is best known for his collection of piano studies, Gradus ad Parnassum. His name was Muzio Clementi, born in Rome in 1762 and adopted by Peter Beckford, a wealthy Englishman who took Clementi to London and supported him as a child of prodigy. Muzio Clementi’s father, Nicolo, noticed Clementi’s musical talent … Born: 24-Jan-1752 Birthplace: Rome, Italy Died: 10-Mar-1832 Location of death: Evesham, Worcestershire, England Cause of death: unspecified Remains: Buried, Westminster Abbey, London, England. Nationality: Italy Muzio Clementi (24 January 1752 - 10 March 1832) was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. Italian/English composer Muzio Clementi (1752-1832). In 1810, Clementi ceased his concerts to devote all of his time to composition and piano making. When he was fourteen years of age, a visiting Englishman returning from his ‘grand tour’, Sir Peter Beckford, cousin of the novelist William Beckford, took young Clementi with him back to his country estate in Dorset. He was also a clever busines-sman and engaged himself in music trade and Main style: Classical Muzio Clementi (24 January 1752 – 10 March 1832) was a celebrated composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. He is a star Composer among all the celebrities. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Some of Clementi's sonatas are more difficult to play than those of Mozart, who wrote in a letter to his sister that he would prefer her not to play Clementi's sonatas due to their jumped runs, and wide stretches and chords, that he thought might induce injury. Clementi was born in 1752 (two years after Bach’s death), and lived until 1832 to the respectable age of 80. A new version of Last.fm is available, to keep everything running smoothly, please reload the site. Horoscope and birth chart of Muzio Clementi, born January 23, 1752 (time unknown), Rome (Italy) 1° 27' 8° 30' 16° 31' 21° 06' 14° 17' 2° 58' 10° 49' 27° 55' 24° 17' 27° 16' 1° 33' 0° 38' Display Parameters He was also the first virtuoso performer on the instrument. Muzio Clementi. In 1770, Clementi made his first public performance as a pianist. Two of his students attained a fair amount of fame for themselves: Johann Baptist Cramer and John Field (who, in his turn, would become a major influence on Frédéric Chopin). Horowitz even compared some of them to the best works of Beethoven. ), Italian-born British pianist and composer whose studies and sonatas developed the techniques of the early piano to such an extent that he was called “the father of the piano.” Muzio passed away on March 10 1832, at age 80 in Evesham. He was born in Rome, Italy. He had been married three times. As a composer, performer, and maker of pianos, he is known as the "father of the pianoforte. He was born four years before Mozart and died five years after Beethoven. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. DIED AT EVESHAM 1832. Clementi is best known for his collection of piano studies, Gradus ad Parnassum, to which Debussy's piece Doctor Gradus ad Parnassum (the first movement of his suite Children's Corner) makes playful allusion. Aquarius. 36 no 1) in his Sonatine Bureaucratique. Muzio Clementi (1752–1832) was born into a family of modest means in Rome. Learn about Muzio Clementi: his birthday, what he did before fame, his family life, fun trivia facts, popularity rankings, and more. Clementi composed almost 110 piano sonatas. He is best known for his collection of piano studies, Gradus ad Parnassum. At the time, Clementi was exploring a more virtuosic and flamboyant style, and this might explain Mozart's disparaging attitude. That same year, Clementi struck a deal with Ludwig van Beethoven, one of his greatest admirers, that gave him full publishing rights to all of Beethoven's music. Similarly his sonatinas would remain a must for piano students everywhere. Muzio Clementi, in full Mutius Philippus Vincentius Franciscus Xaverius Clementi, (born Jan. 23, 1752, Rome, Papal States [Italy]—died March 10, 1832, Evesham, Worcestershire, Eng. He is a self-made man. On 12th January 1782, Mozart wrote to his father: "Clementi plays well, as far as execution with the right hand goes. The restoration of Clementi's image as an artist to be taken seriously is not least due to his efforts. Born in Italy. He is best known for his piano collection of piano studies, Gradus ad Parnassum. Clementi was born in Rome on 24thJanuary 1752, the first of seven children, to Nicolò Clementi, a highly respected silversmith and Roman by heritage, and Magdalena Kaiser, who was Swiss. In a subsequent letter he even went so far as to say: "Clementi is a charlatan, like all Italians. Composer. Muzio Clementi, in full Mutius Philippus Vincentius Franciscus Xaverius Clementi, (born Jan. 23, 1752, Rome, Papal States [Italy]—died March 10, 1832, Evesham, Worcestershire, Eng. Muzio Clementi (23 January 1752 – 10 March 1832) was an Italian born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. His greatest strength lies in his passages in 3rds. Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi (23 January 1752 – 10 March 1832) was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. BORN AT ROME 1752. Muzio Clementi. Muzio Clementi (1752–1832) was a classical composer, and acknowledged as the first to write specifically for the piano. Muzio Clementi. But the main theme of Clementi's B flat major sonata captured Mozart's imagination, and ten years later he used it in the overture to his opera Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute). HIS FAME AS A MUSICIAN AND COMPOSER ACKNOWLEDGED THROUGHOUT EUROPE PROCURED HIM THE HONOUR OF A PUBLIC INTERMENT IN THIS CLOISTER. All user-contributed text on this page is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. But the animosity was not as far as we know reciprocated by Clementi, and in any case Mozart's letters are full of irreverent jibes which he never expected to become public. Encouraged to study music by his father, he was sponsored as a young composer by Sir Peter Beckford who took him to England to advance his studies. He was born on 23rd January 1752, one of several children of Nicolo and Magdalena Clementi. His father, a silversmith soon realised his son’s musical gift and arranged for private lessons with a relative who also happened to be the maestro di capella at St. Peter’s Basilica. A likely reason that these later works were not published in Clementi's lifetime is that he kept revising and tinkering with them. He was the first composer to write music for the pianoforte which made use of the instrument's special features. Muzio Clementi. Muzio Clementi (* January 23, 1752 in Rome, † March 10, 1832 in Evesham, England) was an Italian composer, pianist and music educator, and also a conductor, piano makers and music publishers. Born Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi in Rome, Italy, he was the oldest of the seven children whose father was a silversmith and a Swiss mother. Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi (23 January 1752 – 10 March 1832) was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music … Topic. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He was originally born in Rome, Italy, but spent the majority of his life in England, particularly London. His sonatas are rarely performed in public concerts, largely because they are seen as nonchallenging educational music. Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi (23 January 1752 – 10 March 1832) was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. Joseph Haydn. In Vienna, Clementi agreed with Emperor Joseph II to enter a musical duel with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for the entertainment of the Emperor and his guests. His father soon recognized his musical talent and arranged for private musical instruction with a relative, Antonio Baroni, the maestro di cappella at St. Peter's Basilica. He is best known for his collection of piano studies, Gradus ad Parnassum. Mozart's most evident lack of respect for Clementi (and perhaps Italians in general) has led some to call them "arch rivals." His fame and popularity rose quickly, and he was considered by many in musical circles to be the greatest piano virtuoso in the world. ), Italian-born British pianist and composer whose studies and sonatas developed the techniques of the early piano to such an extent that he was called “the father of the piano.” Each performer was called upon to improvise and perform selections from his own compositions. Let us know what you think of the Last.fm website. His popularity grew in 1779 and 1780, due at least in part to the popularity of his newly-published Opus 2 Sonatas. This so embittered Clementi that every time this sonata was published, he made certain that it included a note explaining that it had been written ten years before Mozart began writing Di Zauberflöte. However, despite being born in Italy he spent the majority of his life in England. Clementi also began manufacturing pianos, but in 1807 his factory was destroyed by a fire. Encouraged to study music by his father, he was sponsored as a young composer by Sir Peter Beckford who took him to England to advance his studies. Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi (baptized Mutius Philippus Vincentius Franciscus Xaverius), was born in Rome, [Italy] on January 24, 1752, and the following day baptized in the local church of S. Lorenzo in Damaso. In return for this education, he was expected to provide musical entertainment at the estate. Some of the earlier and easier ones were reissued as sonatinas after the success of his Sonatinas op. Russian pianist Vladimir Horowitz developed a special fondness for Clementi's work after his wife, Wanda Toscanini bought him Clementi's complete works. Composer. Born in Rome, he spent most of his life in England. He was born on January 24, 1752 in a small town of Mar 10 , 1832 ( age 80 ). Feel free to contribute! Gender: Male Religion: Roman Catholic Race or Ethnicity: White Sexual orientation: Straight Occupation: Composer. Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi (23 January 1752 – 10 March 1832) was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer.. Encouraged to study music by his father, he was sponsored as a young composer by Sir Peter Beckford who took him to England to advance his studies. Share. Muzio lived in Rome. Born shortly after Handel wrote his oratorio Jephtha and dead shortly after Berlioz wrote his Symphonie fantastique, Muzio Clementi failed to write anything equal to the originality of those two composers -- or, certainly, equal to the best of his closer contemporaries, Mozart and Haydn. John Field. Muzio Clementi. Muzio Clementi (24 January 1752, Rome - 10 March 1832, Evesham) Muzio Clementi was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer that lived in the Classical era. Born in Italy. The audience was very impressed with his playing, beginning what at the time was one of the most successful concert pianist careers in history. Artist descriptions on Last.fm are editable by everyone. Erik Satie, a contemporary of Debussy, would spoof these sonatinas (specifically the sonatina op. Muzio Clementi. Composer. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He was the eldest of the seven children of Nicolo Clementi (1720–1789), a noted silversmith, and Madalena, née Caisar (Magdalena Kaiser), who was Swiss. Muzio Clementi began his music studies as a boy. On 24th January 1813, in London, Clementi, who with a group of professional musicians, banded together to put matters right, founded the Philharmonic Society of London, which became the Royal Philharmonic Society in 1912. His compositions from this early period, however, are few, and they have almost all been lost. Starting in 1782, and for the next twenty years Clementi stayed in England playing the piano, conducting, and teaching. Apart from that, he has not a kreuzer’s worth of taste or feeling - in short he is a mere mechanicus" (Latin for automaton or robot). His father soon realized his son’s musical talent, and by the time the boy was seven had arranged private m… That Beethoven in his later life started to compose (mostly chamber music) specifically for the British market might have been related to the fact that his publisher was based there. Let us know what you think of the Last.fm website. MUZIO CLEMENTI CALLED THE FATHER OF THE PIANOFORTE. Died: March 10, 1832 in Evesham, United Kingdom. The ability of both these composer-virtuosi was so great that the Emperor was forced to declare a tie at the Vienese court that day on 24th December 1781. Clementi was born in Rome on 24thJanuary 1752, the first of seven children, to Nicolò Clementi, a … read more Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. January 24, 1752 - March 10, 1832. His musical talent became clear at an early age: by the age of seven he was in musical instruction, and was such a good student that by the time he was nine he had gained a position as a church organist. Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. Muzio Clementi is similar to these topics: List of classical pianists, List of piano composers, Life of Franz Liszt and more. Clementi started a European tour in 1781, when he travelled to France, Germany, and Austria. In 1830 he moved to live outside Lichfield and then spent his final, less exciting years in Evesham, where he died at the age of seventy-eight on 10th March 1832, . Muzio Clementi was an Italian composer who lived from 1752 to 1832. Classical Period. His companions and competitors are aware of his progress too. ... Born In 1752. 3.1 works for piano two hands 3.2 works for piano four hands 3.3 Chamber Music 3.4 Orchestral works Encouraged to study music by his father, he was sponsored as a young composer by Sir Peter Beckford who took him to England to advance his studies. In 1766, Sir Peter Beckford (1740-1811), a wealthy Englishman and cousin of the eccentric William Beckford, took an interest in the boy's musical talent, and struck a deal with Nicolò to take Muzio to his estate of Steepleton Iwerne, just north of Blandford Forum in Dorset, where Beckford agreed to provide quarterly payments to sponsor Muzio's musical education. However, Clementi was not only highly talented in music as a composer, pianist, conduc-tor and teacher. Leave feedback. Muzio Clementi Fans Also Viewed . In 1774, Clementi was freed from his obligations to Peter Beckford, and he moved to London, where among other accomplishments he made several public appearances as a solo harpsichordist at benefit concerts for a singer and a harpist, and served as "conductor" — from the keyboard — at the King's Theatre, Haymarket for at least part of this period. Clementi's impressions of Mozart, by contrast, were all rather enthusiastically positive. Muzio Clementi in Biographical Summaries of Notable People Muzio Clementi was born on January 24 1752, in Rome. Topics similar to or like Muzio Clementi. His stature in music history as an editor and interpreter of Beethoven's music is certainly not less than as being a composer himself (although also criticised for some less docile editorial work, e.g., making harmonic "corrections" to some of Beethoven's music). It was quickly discovered that he had a great talent at both the organ and harpsichord. Connect your Spotify account to your Last.fm account and scrobble everything you listen to, from any Spotify app on any device or platform. 10 March 1832 (aged 80) Muzio Clementi (1752–1832) was a classical composer, and acknowledged as the first to write specifically for the piano. Muzio Clementi was an Italian born composer, pianist, conductor, music publisher, editor and piano manufacturer. Muzio Clementi (1752–1832) was a classical composer, and acknowledged as the first to write specifically for the piano. First of all – basic details. He was born in Rome, Italy.He was the first composer to write music for the pianoforte which made use of the instrument's special features. It was here that he spent the next seven years in devoted study and practice at the harpsichord. He was also the first virtuoso performer on the instrument. Muzio Clementi was an Italian composer who lived from 1752 to 1832. Composers. Born: January 23, 1752 in Rome, Italy. In addition to the piano solo repertoire, Clementi wrote a great deal of other music, including several recently pieced together, long worked on but slightly unfinished symphonies that are gradually becoming accepted by the musical establishment as being very fine works. He marks a piece presto but plays only allegro". While Clementi's music is hardly ever played in concerts, it is becoming increasingly popular in recordings. Muzio Clementi is now a name on every mouth all over the world. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Muzio-Clementi. 36, and continue to be popular practice pieces in piano education. Let us tell you the full story of him. Clementi was born in 1752 (two years after Bach’s death), and lived until 1832 to the respectable age of 80. Clementi was born in Rome on 24thJanuary 1752, the first of seven children, to Nicolò Clementi, a highly respected silversmith and Roman by heritage, and Magdalena Kaiser, who was Swiss. This is a list of compositions by Muzio Clementi.. Clementi was a celebrated composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Help support true facts by becoming a member. 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